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2018 review of the Woomera Prohibited Area (WPA) Coexistence Framework

WPA Green Zone Management: free resources-focused workshop

The Department of Defence and the South Australian Government are planning to hold a series of workshops to explore the feasibility of a more flexible grid-based arrangement for the WPA green zone, one of the recommendations outlined in the Coexistence in the Woomera Prohibited Area: 2018 Review (refer to pages 40 to 43 of the full report PDF 5.4 MB)

The first workshop was held in Adelaide on 19 June 2019. This presented an opportunity for informal conversation with members of the resources industry and other WPA stakeholders about some of the key themes, issues or concerns of the resources sector that will be relevant to the development of this flexible grid-based arrangement through a 'collaborative co-design process'.

About the review

Coexistence in the Woomera Prohibited Area 2018 Review

On 29 March 2019 the Australian Government announced its response to the review into coexistence arrangements in the Woomera Prohibited Area. The Government supports the findings and recommendations of the Review to ensure WPA coexistence arrangements remain fit for purpose over the coming years.

The review consulted extensively with a range of stakeholders and considered whether the coexistence framework that balances Defence use with the needs of other users is fit-for-purpose for today’s environment and into the future.

The 12 recommendations made by the review reflect the enduring critical importance of the Woomera Prohibited Area to national security, while also recognising the considerable value the area holds for Aboriginal cultural heritage, mineral resources, pastoral operations, environmental research and other scientific activity.

More information about the review can be found on the Woomera Prohibited Area Coordination Office website

About the Woomera Prohibited Area (WPA)

The Woomera Prohibited Area (WPA) covers an area of 122,000 square kilometres approximately 450 km NNW of Adelaide.

The WPA is a Prohibited Area regulated by the Defence Act 1903Defence Regulation 2016 and the WPA Rule 2014 is used for 'the testing of war materiel' under the control of the Royal Australian Air Force. The WPA is an important Defence capability and testing and evaluation asset that plays a significant role in Australia's national security.

In 2011 a joint Australian Government–South Australian Government WPA Coordination Office (WPACO) was established to administer non-Defence use of the WPA, including the development of new management framework arrangements that support co-existence between Defence and non-Defence users within the WPA.

In August 2014 the statutory access regime for new non-Defence users in the WPA came into force with the passage of the Defence Legislation Amendment (Woomera Prohibited Area) Act 2014 by the Australian Parliament. It amends the Defence Act 1903 (Cth) by inserting Part VIB of the Defence Act and sets out a permit system, the access management zones with defined exclusion periods, new compliance and enforcement measures, compensation, and a process for review of decisions. The administrative details of the new statutory permit system are contained in the WPA Rule 2014.

Note that the new permit system to access the WPA applies to new non-Defence users including resource exploration and mining companies, opal miners, tourists and environmental and research organisations. Existing mines (Challenger, Prominent Hill, Cairn Hill and Peculiar Knob), pastoralists, Aboriginal persons and traditional owners are defined as existing users whose access will continue to be governed by the Defence Regulation 2016.

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WPA access zones

Under the new management framework the WPA has been divided into four access zones (Red, Amber Zone 1, Amber Zone 2 and Green) offering different levels of access to non-Defence users.

Each management zone has exclusion periods during which Defence may undertake testing activities. Access during an exclusion period will not be permitted.

  • Red Zone: continuous use by Defence therefore no public access or resource tenements or activity is permitted.
  • Amber Zones: Defence can exclude on-ground access to all non-Defence users for specified periods of time; for Amber Zone 1 up to 140 days in a year; for Amber Zone 2 up to 70 days.
  • Green Zone: non-Defence users may be excluded for up to 56 days in a year.

WPA access zones

Detailed descriptions of the access zones are available from

Exclusion periods

The Amber Zone exclusion periods are published in March of each year showing the access restrictions which apply during the following financial year (i.e. 1 July to 30 June).

Restrictions that may take place in parts of the Green Zone are notified at least 6 months in advance for resource production permit holders and a minimum of 21 days prior to the activity for all other users.

More information:

Defence’s exclusion periods are also published on the Federal Register of Legislation at:

Exclusion periods financial year 2019–20

Amber Zone 1 South-Eastern Corner (Defence Periodic Use Zone 1)
  • 2 September to 13 October 2019 inclusive
  • 25 November to 15 December 2019 inclusive
  • 3 March to 4 May 2020 inclusive
Amber Zone 2 Centre-line Corridor (Defence Periodic Use Zone 2)
  • 2 September to 29 September 2019 inclusive
  • 26 November to 9 December 2019 inclusive
  • 3 March to 30 March 2020 inclusive

Note: The Amber zone includes sections of the Anne Beadell Highway

Green zone closures 1 September - 5 October 2019: exclusion areas 1, 2 and 3

WPA Green zone closures September 2019

Download a copy of the map showing Stuart Highway and green zone closures

More information is available from

The closure is also published on the Federal Register of Legislation.

For those persons with permission to enter and remain in the WPA under Regulation 35 of the Defence Force Regulations 1952, this permission has been suspended during the dates of the Green Zone closure.

Suspension of the Standing Permission to access the Stuart Highway

Access to the Stuart Highway will be suspended at various times from 1 September 2019 to 5 October 2019.

On days of suspension, the highway will be closed around 7:00 am and will re-open in the late afternoon. Please note that this is subject to change.

Signs will be posted at the following locations:

  • just north of Glendambo (at the Woomera Prohibited Area boundary), and
  • approximately 60 km south of Coober Pedy (in the vicinity of Mt Penrhyn).

No further specific information or dates regarding the suspension of access to the Stuart Highway are able to be provided at this time.

The Woomera Test Range may be able to provide more specific guidance 24-48 hours in advance. If you are intending to travel in the affected areas, contact the Woomera Test Range on 0477 726 537 or +61 8 8674 3370.

Please refer to the updated website for further details and geographic coordinates:

Notifications and exclusion period variations

A more detailed map showing the WPA and access zone boundaries is available from the South Australian Resources Information Geoserver site at:

You are encouraged to regularly review the exclusion period information published on the WPA Coordination Office website at:

Public right of access

Separate to the Green, Amber and Red access zones, the Defence Minister under the WPA Rule has granted a standing permission for people to access the Central Australian railway line, the Stuart Highway, the William Creek to Coober Pedy Road, the Lake Cadibarrawirracanna Road (also known as Public Access Route 18), the Olympic Dam Highway (B97) and the Woomera Village. The Defence Minister may however suspend the standing permission over these access routes and close them temporarily when required for the testing of war material.

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Procedure for entry to the WPA

Access to the WPA for exploration and mining is governed by a Permit issued by the Woomera Prohibited Area Coordination Office (WPACO).

Companies seeking access for mineral exploration or mining activities to the WPA must:

  1. Hold a licence or lease issued by the Government of South Australia
  2. Obtain a Resource Exploration Access Permit (Form W001) or Resource Production Access (Mining) Permit (Form W002)
  3. Ensure that all persons entering the WPA under the permit hold an Approved Person status (Form W003) or are an Escorted Person (Form W004)
  4. Request access permission for each instance of access to the WPA using the Access Form (Form W007)

For opal mining and precious stone prospecting in the WPA under the Opal Mining Act 1995, an applicant must hold a Precious Stones Prospecting Permit issued by the Government of South Australia and an Opal Mining and Precious Stone Prospecting Access Permit (Form W006) issued by the Woomera Test Range. The Opal Mining and Precious Stone Prospecting Access Permits are valid for 12 months.

Applicable forms can be downloaded from the WPACO website on

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Woomera Restricted Airspace (WRX) - new spatial layer available on SARIG

The WRX layer available from the South Australian Resources Information Gateway shows the restricted airspace above the Woomera Prohibited Area (WPA) and forms part of the RAAF Woomera Test Range (WTR). The layer is a helpful tool when planning to conduct airborne surveys and other airspace-related activities over the WPA.

The layer is divided into individual Restricted Areas (blocks). One or a combination of Restricted Areas can be activated (i.e. airspace above that portion of the WPA becomes restricted) when testing of war material is taking place during an exclusion period.

For more information about the WRX contact WTR on +61 8 8674 3370.


For more information, contact:

Woomera Prohibited Area Coordination Office (WPACO)

Phone: 1300 727 420
International: +612 6265 4448
Fax: (02) 6265 5878
WPA Coordination Office
Department of Defence
PO Box 7901
Canberra ACT 2610
Woomera Test Range

Phone: Range Operations Office Woomera (08) 8674 3370
International: +618 8674 3370
Fax: (08) 8674 3217
Email for tourist permit applications:
Woomera Test Range
PO Box 157
Woomera SA 5720