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The Radium Hill Mine is located in the remote northeast of South Australia and was operated by the State Government from 1954 to 1961 for the recovery of uranium ore. Upon closure, the site was abandoned, accesses to mine workings were blocked and infrastructure was removed to the environmental standards of the day.

In 1981 following a reassessment of the site, further rehabilitation was undertaken and included additional backfilling of old mine openings and covering of the tailings impoundment. At the same time, the site was also established as a repository for low-level radioactive waste materials, primarily to facilitate the clean up of contaminated soil held in Thebarton in the Adelaide metropolitan area.

The South Australian government's Mineral Resources Division has retained management responsibility of the site for the government, and maintains a continuing watch on the site with radiological advice and assistance from the Radiation Protection Division of the Environment Protection Agency (EPA). 

The Mineral Resources Division is currently developing a long-term management strategy for the former site.

More information about the management plan is available in Mcleary M 2004. Radium Hill Uranium Mine & Low-level Radioactive Waste Repository: Management Plan Phase 1 - Preliminary Investigation Report Book 2004/09 (.pdf 9.2Mb)